Monuments of nature near Baikal lake
(information is based on materials of the book by V.P. Bryansky - "The monuments of nature")
From an up-to-date point of view, a monument of nature is an object, which is of special interest for the scientific, cultural, cognitive, historical, recreational and aesthetical purposes. In other words, this is a small wonder of the world, created and presented to us by nature. Baikal lake is already a miracle, and taking into account that there are more than 30 natural monuments around Baykal , we can make final conclusions of its significance for Russia and for all the world. It is possible to see natural monuments of all types at Baikal- aqueous, geological, botanical, complex, topographical, and zoological. Each of these monuments has their scientific, aesthetical, cultural and historical value, each of them deserves special attention. Among numerous monuments there are several outstanding objects, located in immediate proximity of the hotel complex "Silver Lake".
There is no, perhaps, more popular and more legendary place at Baikal than a tiny islet in the source of The Angara river, that is called Shaman stone. This is the remains of the seaside ridge after its erosion in the immemorial times by Angara waters. The stone has an extensive rock base, forming some kind of the threshold before Baikal depths. There is hardly one person in Baikal region, who does not know a legend about the origin of Shaman stone. This is a beautiful story about a single daughter of Baikal, Angara. Falling in love with Yenisey,a handsome man she escaped with him from her father. Angered Baykal threw a coast rock after his disobedient daughter. This is only one of the legends about Shamanstone. Arriving here, you will get to know much more interesting and mysterious.
Rock of Sagan -Zaba
Approximately 2200 -2500 years ago on the smooth surface of this rock the ancient artists painted almost 60 figures and images with size from 2 to 50 centimeters. Composition, style of painting and variety of plots are the most complex of all stone Baikal paintings. Ancient artists used incisions technique, removing an upper dark layer of marble limestone and baring white layers of species. As a result the carven figures are noticeably separated against general dark background not only by color, but also by relief. Petroglyphs of Sagan -Zaba - authentic pearl of ancient culture and skill of the peoples of Siberia. There is no second monument of this epoch in all the territory from the Urals to the Pacific Ocean.
This the largest cave at the end of the Seaside ridge. It is very difficult to find an input into the cave. Nevertheless it is so popular that on the approaches to it is a sufficiently noticeable path. The input into the cave, wide and low, is discovered suddenly and, being gradually constricted, it is introduced by the gloomy hall of an oval form with the size of 8 X 12 meters. The arch of cave, also being constricted, inclines upward and at the height of 20 meters it is crowned with a through aperture, which illuminates a single hall of the cave. They assume that the cave "Chapel" was used once for burials. In 1865 bones and skulls of people were found here.
Cave "A Dream"
This beautiful name completely corresponds to this place. This is the longest and deepest cave in the Maloye Sea of Baikal. Here on the gently sloping hill, completely naked, approximately in a kilometer from Baikal shore a narrow inclined iced manhole was discovered, which leaded to a horizontal, with the length of 250 meters, karstic cavity. It has many forkings- grottos, halls, blind alleys. Special value of this cave - stalactites and stalagmites, which decorate all halls and passages of the cave and imparts whimsical and exalted look.
The rock Skriper
This is a multi-hundredmeter rock with sheer cliffs, steep into the water. If you climb the rock, you will see truly fantastic beauty. But it is not the only thing the rock of Skriper is remarkable for. It is mostly famous because of archaelogical finds in the cave. The input, partially blocked up, but still preserved, affords to percolate through it in the cave, where evidence of manlife of the Newstone Age were discovered. Researchers assume that ancient inhabitants gave fire and smoke signals to neighbourhoods from the cave site.
This is a big monument - all the island Olkhon.